Deep foundation elements are usually applied to minimize construction subsidence on medium – soft ground, as well as to minimize horizontal movement in case of earthquake or application of horizontal loads.

Deep foundation methods include the following:

  • Bored piles with use of temporary casing
  • Bored piles with use of bentonite
  • Bored piles with use of CFA method
  • Displacement piles (FDP)
  • Prefabricated piles
  • Metal piles
  • Barretts – diaphragm walls
  • Micropiles